The Impact of Malaria and Sepsis on Children in Nigeria: History and Solutions

Health Emergency Initiative
3 min readJun 20, 2023
Malaria and Sepsis are major causes of death in children. LET’S FIGHT THIS!

Sepsis and malaria continue to threaten children’s health and well-being in Nigeria. These two diseases have severely affected the child population, resulting in numerous illnesses and fatalities. This blog article examines the historical background of how sepsis and malaria have impacted children in Nigeria, their effects, and the treatments developed to tackle them specifically for children.

Let’s get to it.

The Historical Background:

Malaria has long been a prevalent disease in Nigeria, and children have been particularly vulnerable to its effects. This means that malaria has always been present and is a leading cause of numerous deaths every day.

The country’s tropical climate, mosquito population, and inadequate healthcare infrastructure have contributed to the high malaria transmission rates among children. Malaria accounts for many hospital admissions and deaths among children under five in Nigeria.

Sepsis, often presenting as complications from untreated infections such as malaria, has also severely impacted children. Limited access to healthcare facilities, poor sanitation, and a lack of awareness about infection prevention have contributed to numerous sepsis cases. Without proper and timely interventions, sepsis can quickly become life-threatening for children.

Understanding the history behind malaria and sepsis shows how little or no impact has been made in improving the prevention of these diseases. Learning about the effects of these diseases is one step toward finding solutions.

This leads us to a question:

What is the impact on children in Nigeria?

The burden of malaria and sepsis on children in Nigeria has been substantial. Malaria-related complications, such as severe anaemia and cerebral malaria, have increased mortality rates among young children.

Additionally, sepsis arising from untreated infections can rapidly progress, leading to organ failure and death if not promptly addressed. The consequences of these diseases extend beyond physical health, as they also hinder children’s education, social development, and overall quality of life.

Notable Solutions for Children:

Recognizing the urgency of protecting children from malaria and sepsis, Nigeria has implemented various solutions explicitly targeted at this vulnerable population. Here are some initiatives:

  1. Malaria Prevention and Control:
  • Distribution of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) to households, prioritising families with children.
  • Intensified indoor residual spraying (IRS) to reduce mosquito populations and malaria transmission.
  • Prompt diagnosis and treatment of malaria cases using child-friendly artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT).
  • Health education campaigns targeting caregivers to raise awareness about malaria prevention and early treatment.

2. Improved Access to Healthcare:

  • The expansion of healthcare infrastructure in rural areas to ensure accessibility for all children.
  • More Establishment of pediatric units and specialised treatment centres in hospitals for prompt diagnosis and management of malaria and sepsis cases in children.
  • Training healthcare workers to provide quality care and improve the early detection of symptoms in children.

3. Vaccination Programs:

  • Widespread implementation of childhood vaccination programs to prevent diseases that can lead to sepsis, such as pneumonia and meningitis.
  • Collaboration with international organisations to access and administer vaccines to children nationwide.

4. Health Education and Parental Awareness:

  • Community-based education programs to educate parents and caregivers about malaria prevention, including the proper use of bed nets and early recognition of symptoms.
  • Promoting hygiene practices, such as handwashing and clean water usage, to prevent infections that can lead to sepsis.

5. Research and Innovation:

  • Funding research initiatives focused on child-specific malaria prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.
  • Development of child-friendly antimalarial drugs and diagnostic tools that are safe and effective for young children.

What we do:

At Health Emergency Initiative, we prioritize assisting parents and kids in the local community by sponsoring the battle against sepsis and malaria. The “The Kick Out Malaria and Sepsis” campaign is still strong.

Help us save lives by contributing to the Health Emergency Initiative campaign against malaria and sepsis in young children. Donate via this.

In Conclusion,

Malaria and sepsis continue to pose significant threats to the health and well-being of children in Nigeria. However, through targeted interventions and solutions, progress has been made in mitigating the impact of these diseases on children.

Nigeria’s efforts to prevent malaria, improve healthcare access, promote vaccination, raise awareness, and invest in research and innovation have demonstrated a commitment to protecting children from these deadly diseases.

It is crucial to sustain and expand these efforts, ensuring that all children in Nigeria have access to effective prevention, diagnosis, and treatment, ultimately leading to a healthier and brighter future for the nation’s youngest generation.



Health Emergency Initiative

A non-profit organisation that provides life saving medical interventions through finaical assistance to indigent patients in public hospital