PARTNERS IN CRIME (AND SICKNESS): COLDS AND SINUS INFECTIONS.

As the weather turns cold, we begin watching out for evidence that the normal culprits of the rainy season are coming. A cold or the flu often brings a runny nose, sore throat, or headache.

Many rainy illnesses, like cold and sinus infections, share symptoms, and it can be difficult to determine exactly which sickness you’re facing. It gets even harder when they gang up on you, like when a cold becomes a sinus infection. To help ward off these villains of the rainy season, we’re sharing their sickness profiles — because shouldn’t it be a crime for these ailments to join forces? We think so!

The Common Cold

Colds (№1 on the rainy season illness least wanted list) can actually be caused by several different viruses with long technical names that are hard to pronounce — rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human parainfluenza virus, adenovirus, human coronaviruses, human metapneumovirus. What do they have in common? All of them are guilty of causing colds. The usual suspects…oops, we mean symptoms of a cold include:

Sore throat, runny nose, sneezing stuffy nose,

Mild fever in children (38–39 degrees Celsius) Mild achiness,

Coughing Watery eyes,

The common cold lives up to its name this illness affects millions of people in Nigeria each year. To put it in perspective, that’s about two to three colds per year for adults and even more for children. So the odds are very good that you’ve encountered and defeated a common cold.

When you catch a cold, symptoms usually take effect gradually. One day, it’s a slight sniffle at the office and two days later you wake up with a cough you just can’t shake. While a cold typically peaks in one or two days, it can last for up to two weeks. Because it’s caused by

viruses, a cold cannot be cured by antibiotics, but there are some cold remedies that can relieve some of your symptoms and kick this seasonal scoundrel to the curb:

Rest — learn about the importance of R&R time Drink plenty of fluids

Use saline sprays or nasal rinses Gargle warm salt water

Use a cool-mist vaporizer/humidifier

Take ibuprofen or acetaminophen to help ease aches and reduce fever. Before starting a new medication, consult your doctor to determine if taking these medications are appropriate for you.

See a medical professional if your cold symptoms are severe or unusual, if they last more than 10 days, or if a child under three months has a fever or is lethargic.

Sinus Infections

It’s bad enough to have a lingering cold, but to make matters worse, all that stuffiness can actually trigger another common culprit — the sinus infection. Did you know that 90 per cent of patients with a cold have some level of viral sinusitis making these two true partners in crime?

If congestion from a cold causes mucus to get backed up, you can develop a sinus infection. This means that the cavities behind your cheekbones, eyes, and forehead are affected too.

Sounds well, just plain criminal, right?

Thankfully, if your sinus infection is caused by bacteria, it isn’t contagious. Acute sinusitis is when your cold brings on a sinus infection. And because other illnesses, like flu, can lead to sinusitis, it’s the most frequent diagnosis at hospitals. More than 14 per cent of people in Nigeria get sinusitis in a year, with most cases being a result of another illness.

Both your age and the severity of your sinus infection affect treatment. Most sinus infections are viral, and unlike bacterial sinusitis, will not respond to antibiotics. Viral sinus infections, like bacterial sinus infections, aren’t contagious, but the virus causes illnesses like a cold or Flu.

However, these viral sinus infections mostly clear up without a prescription. If you have multiple sinus infections in one year, symptoms like a severe headache or facial pain, or symptoms that get worse after initially improving or last more than 10 days without improvement, you should visit a doctor for evaluation.

In the meantime, here are some ways to get relief from a sinus infection: Use a warm compress on your face to relieve sinus pressure.

Breathe steam from a bowl of hot water or shower, or use a vaporizer or humidifier to alleviate discomfort.

Try a nasal rinse to help relieve pressure and congestion.

Use a decongestant, saline nasal spray, ibuprofen, or acetaminophen to help lessen the pain. But as always, consult your healthcare provider before starting a new medication to determine if taking these medications are appropriate for you.

It’s bad enough to get a nasty cold, but no one wants to add a sinus infection to the culprit list. If you have a lingering cold, or another respiratory illness, pay a visit to the clinic for help.

Why wait to feel better?

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Health Emergency Initiative

A non-profit organisation that provides life saving medical interventions through finaical assistance to indigent patients in public hospital